Archive for the ‘Being Prepared Pt 1’ Category

The Unique Structure of a Home Invasion: How To Be Prepared
Part 1
By Bo Perrin

The home invasion seems on a fast track to becoming the criminal’s primary method of making a living. Home invasions have escalated. I receive no less than fifty reports of home invasions per day from Google. Additionally, I have a feed on my website that includes a list of home invasions which I do not get from Google. There is a report from Indianapolis, IN where a section of four hundred homes suffered one hundred and seven home invasions this year, alone. Even newspapers are asking if the home invasion has become the choice of criminals today. It has.

Such demands that we discover the proper environment in which a home invasion takes place to properly prepare to take the battle to the insurgent. Do not be mistaken. A home invasion is a form of combat that takes place right in your living room. This form of combat is calledhome invasion1 close quarter combat (CQC). CQC is generally defined as any gun-, knife- or hand-to-hand fighting that takes place thirty or fewer feet, give or take, between you and the insurgent. What makes CQC unique is how your body responses to the stress of the situation. The way your body responses will determine if and how you will respond to the threat.

How The Human Body Reacts To CQC

Before we go further lets look at how a person’s body responds to the stress of a true CQC incident. The following information is gleaned from Shooting to Live by W.E. Fairbairn and E.A. Sykes, Kill or Get Killed and Bulleyes Don’t Shoot Back by Colonel Rex Applegate, The Modern Day Gunslinger by Don Mann and Sharpening the Warriors Edge: The Psychology & Science of Training by Bruce K.. Siddle. These books are available either on the internet as a download or from a bookstore. Additionally, these are only a few of the many books and studies which provide evidence of the superiority of the Point-Shoot Continuum for CQC. Everything Fairbairn and Sykes learn about the body under the stress of a CQC incident and incorporated into the Shanghai Municipal Police and the British military in World War 2 as well as what Colonel Applegate learned and incorporated into the OSS and US military for World War 2 is substantiated by modern studies in police involved shootings and combat stress.

The human body reacts distinctively when it is submerged in the stress of a CQC incident. The human body is capable of three motor skills which are fine, gross and complex. The ability to use each skill is determined by your heart rate which in turn is determined by fear in a CQC. Siddle states fine motor skills begin to deteriorate around 115 BPM. Complex motor skills deteriorate and vision narrows when the heart exceeds 145 BPM. When the heart exceeds 175 BPM a person’s hearing, peripheral vision and depth perception diminish. At 220 plus BPM a catastrophic failure can occur of reaction time leading to freezing. Studies have shown that a person’s heart will jump to between 200 and 300 BPM when introduced to the stress of a CQC.

When a human reacts within the stressful environment of CQC incident their body will instinctively crouch, they will experience hearing loss and their vision will narrow. Additionally, they will lose both fine and complex motor skills and their eyes will remain wide open starring at the threat. These responses are instinctive. Researchers believe these responses can possibly be overcome by (1) spending hours and hours on the range, (2) firing hundreds if not thousands of round and (3) doing so under the stress of combat. The Achilles heel is that it almost if not impossible to reduplicate the actual stress of combat because of the lack of the fear factor.

The supposed key is muscle memory. Researchers often claim that a person will perform as he trains and in some cases this is true but not all and it does not seem as if this is so when a person is operating in the stressful environment of a CQC. Colonel Applegate and Don Mann, a former Navy Seal, refer to an FBI and NYPD study of police involved shootings. The two studies provide evidence that no matter how aggressively an officer is trained in the Weaver or modern Isosceles system most if not all will revert to an instinctive crouch and aimed fire during a gun battle when there is only about thirty feet between the officer and the target that shoots back. Steven Barron, an instructor at the Police Academy at Hocking University, wrote the final chapter of Colonel Applegate’s book. He chronicled in the chapter that no matter how aggressively they trained recruits or veteran police officers in the modern shooting system of the time when these men were placed under stress their shooting efficiency and platform structure “crashed and burned.” They reverted to an instinctive crouch and aimed fire even without the fear.

Here the military has a distinct advantage or at least, did. No one seems to know what level of muscle memory is needed fully to overcome the way a body instinctively reacts to the stress of a CQC. It is clear in some cases that the threshold was not been reached since the individual reverted to an instinctive crouch and aimed fire. Unlike the average home owner and the vast majority of police officers the Federal government supplies soldiers with everything they need to be trained for combat. Yet, CQC differs from combat in the more open field simply because of the way the human body reacts. This unique relationship with the State permits the soldier aggressively to train under the conditions in which he will be fighting often with live ammunition. This is not the only difference as I will point out in a moment.

Nevertheless, the studies consistently reveal that the average human body of the average citizen, this includes police officers, reacts instinctively when it is placed within the stress of a CQC incident. At the least for the average citizen, including police officers, it is very difficult to reach the level of muscle memory needed to override the body’s instinctive reaction in CQC to use an artificial shooting platform like the Weaver or modern Isosceles.

This is part of the brilliance of Colonel Applegate’s Point-Shoot Continuum. The Point-Shoot Continuum is the only shooting system based solely on gross motor movement, the only movement the body will produce during the stressful environment of a CQC incident. The system was birthed, proven and revised in actual gun fights, not competition meets.

The Different Environments of CQC

Generally, the military, police (any policing organization) and average home owners are the three groups who must deal with a CQC incident. The populace generally misunderstands three things. Each group trains to face the stressful environment of a CQC incident differently than the other although a few things overlap. Additionally, each group approaches a CQC differently than the other though again there are some overlaps. Finally, the object of a CQC differs between the three and this is significant for the average home owner.

The Military

The military, specifically the US, defines a CQC incident within the same general guidelines as do civil policing departments and home defense experts although they are a bit loose about the distance requirement. Nevertheless, it is basically equivalent. The US military operates either under the rules of war or in agreement with a coalition who might be running a “policing” action. The military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan revealed there are times when it is necessary for the military to initiate a “home invasion” to apprehend a suspect.

The military invasion of a home is not the only event that can be described as CQC. CQC can describe hand-to-hand combat, house-to-house or room-to-room combat between two opposing military forces and the special operations units involved in guerrilla warfare. Nevertheless, many of the principles involved in each CQC that will bring about a successful outcome is not transferable to the home invasion of downtown, USA. Presently, we still live in a civil society and there are rules which the citizen must still attempt to honor even if their lives are in danger. Miliatry CQCFor example, many Americans practice some form of CQC knife fighting to equip themselves to protect their families. The military equips soldiers with knives to take the enemy’s life. In a civil society we still attempt to take the insurgent alive rather than have him carried out in a body bag. The horror is these skills are sometimes needed even in a civil society. The subject matter of this website proves that such a need does exist. Nevertheless, such a skill has limited transferability to the civilian arena. So, here, I am only concerned with the military’s involvement in the CQC of a home invasion. Many believe that the principles the military uses to successfully end such an operation are transferable to the home invasion that is coming to your neighborhood.

When they carry out such an operation, they do so with the overwhelming might of the US military. They plan days if not weeks in advanced based on locally supplied intelligence. The operation is executed with soldiers who are aggressively trained, heavily armed and protected by body armor. The few men who execute the “invasion” are backed by a large contingent of soldiers, communication systems, armored vehicles, various flying craft and redundancy. If the first contingent of soldiers can apprehend the suspect then all is well. If the raid goes wrong then soldiers are waiting to be called into action if necessary. In the worst case scenario all the soldiers might be withdrawn and heavier firepower might be used to end the standoff. The home evaporates.

There is little that the typical CQC of a home invasion in downtown USA has in common with the above event. The biggest differences between the two events are (1) the home owner is not inciting the home invasion, (2) he does not have access to military weaponry and (3) he does not possess the same level of training soldiers do, generally.

Most important, at least during the first fifteen to twenty seconds of a home invasion, the homeowner or renter is reacting to the stressful event(s) unfolding in his own living room. In general, the principles which some might draw from military operations and apply to the normal home invasion will create a disconnect putting the homeowner or renter at a distinct disadvantage.

Civil Policing Departments

Civil police departments employ civilians who because of their specialized training are permitted by a state to “enforce” the laws. Many Police departments are becoming highly militarized by the DHS becoming a threat themselves. Additionally, these departments are becoming increasingly anti-citizen and anti-Constitution. The last couple of administrations seem to be prepping the police departments to become paramilitary groups they can use to occupy the American heartland.

The biggest difference between the military invading a home and a policing force is the rules under which the operation takes place. Policing Police CQCforces must operate under the laws of the county, State and Federal Constitution. These forces are more limited in the breadth of what they are permitted to do when they must undertake such an operation.

Police officers will be involved in two general types of CQC events. The first type is where the police officer is within thirty feet or so of the criminal. The second event is where police and their paramilitary units originate a “home invasion” looking, hopefully, for a criminal.

The second form of a CQC is closely related with its military cousin. The officers involved in instigating a “home invasion” are well-trained in military tactics, backed up with tactical support, tied together with a good communication system, possess armored personal carriers that might carry a non-lethal tool to force entry and can call upon non-lethal aircraft. Unlike their military cousins if the operation the civil police is involved goes south they cannot call Puff.

Studies of the first type of CQC has provided researchers with a lot of great information about how a person acts and reacts within the stress of such an event. The information gleaned through studies of police shootings in CQC reveals that most shootings happen (1) within less than thirty feet between the two combatants and (2) in a low to no light situation. In addition, studies reveal that the human body reacts in predictable ways and these instinctive responses affect the way the officer is able to respond during a CQC. Typically, the officer will instinctively crouch and look at the target, not his sights that is if he can see them at all. Additionally, the officer will revert to aimed fire no matter how aggressively he has been trained in the Weaver or modern Isosceles.

Since what happens to the officer under the stress of a CQC is what happens to the typical human body such studies can be used to help prepare the average homeowner to defend himself, his family in the midst of a CQC inside or out of the home.

Part 2